France, Great Britain, Spain, Portugal and the Balkan countries are the areas of Europe that witnessed the development of autochthonous, top-quality knotted rugs.


The history of European carpets reflects the variety of cultures of the continent: from the courtly traditions of Great Britain and France, or what might be called the village tradition, characteristic of Portuguese carpets; from the Turkish and Egyptian motifs imported into Moorish Spain to the ongoing interplay of artistic trends ranging from Rococo to Neoclassical, and from Naturalism to the contemporary Abstract movement.


Developments range from the first d’Aubusson tapestries to the Gobelin and Beauvais factories, which enjoyed royal patronage in France; from the Fulham, Exeter, Axminster, Donegal and, above all, Moorsfields carpets in the British Isles to the Indian-inspired Portuguese Arraiolos, featuring needlework embroidery on large hemp canvases, often reflecting a geometric approach; from the Turkish and Egyptian motifs and typical Spanish-Arab knotting of the Mudejar style used in Cuenca, Alcaraz, Cinchillia and Letur in Spain to the more linear, traditional approach evident in carpets from the Balkan area.


The history of rugs weaving in Europe tells of a drift away from oriental influences and a gradual move towards autonomous techniques and languages endowed with their own highly specific characteristics.


The great variety of rugs, which cut an aristocratically nonchalant road through the political, cultural and artistic history of the peoples of Europe, is such as to require a lengthy process of research and selection on the part of Pashà, and the outcome of this is an exceptionally fine range of unique, unrepeatable items which cannot fail to delight collectors and lovers of beauty.