Anatolia

Bergama

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Description

Bergama, a coastal city in eastern Anatolia, in the Hellenistic period was known as Pergamon. The excellent quality of the local wool and the commercial importance made it an active center in the production of carpets since the sixteenth century.

 The rugs of this area have many structural characteristics in common: soft and enveloping, they are made entirely of wool. The yarn of the warp is tightly twisted, sometimes is dyed red. Also the texture is red, which passes between the knots four or more times giving great flexibility to the carpets. The knot is symmetric, the density is not high, and the rim is flat and slotted. The fringes are preceded in the ends by a high strip of kilim, sometimes enlivened by horizontal stripes brown, blue or yellow.

 Weaving still continues to be practiced at the household level in rural villages, using traditional techniques of dyeing with plant substances found locally: prevailing bright red from the madder, yellow gold, blue and bright shades of ivory.